ArtSmart Roundtable: Deciphering Dalí’s The Hallucinogenic Toreador
The ArtSmart Roundtable is focusing on painting this month. I’ll be deciphering a mindblowing painting I saw at the Dali Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida: Salvador Dalí’s The Hallucinogenic Toreador (1969-1970). Be sure to scroll down for more on the Roundtable and links to my colleagues’ posts. Now, The Hallucinogenic Toreador.
The Hallucinogenic Toreador is 13 feet tall and nearly 10 feet wide. Seeing it in person is an enveloping, seductive experience. The painting is a complex double image in which the face of a bullfighter is embedded in the Venus de Milo figures. Gaze at it for a while and the toreador emerges: the green strip in the middle of the Venuses’ drapery forms his tie, the white drapery his shirt, her body his face, her left breast his nose.
The Venus de Milo is a quintessential Dalinian image. As a member of the Surrealist movement in Paris in the 1930s, Dali would have been very familiar with the ancient Greek sculpture, on permanent display at the Louvre. The Hallucinogenic Toreador was inspired years later in an art supply shop when, staring at a box of Venus brand pencils, Dalí perceived the bullfighter’s shadowy features in her torso.
Dalí was obsessed by physics: molecules and matter, space and time (history and clocks). The exploding molecules in the painting’s centre left form the shoulder of the toreador’s sparkly suit.
On closer inspection, more elements from Dali’s native Spain appear: the Spanish flag in the colours of the Venuses’ drapery, the bullfighting stadium, a dead bull in the foreground, flies flying in military formation (forming the toreador’s cap). In the lower right corner, a little boy–Dali as a child?–watches. While some view the painting as social commentary, autobiography or even a love story between Venus and the bullfighter, I walked away from The Hallucinogenic Toreador with the truth that while the grand sweep of history enchants, its details are often repulsive.
Salvador Felipe Jacinto Dalí I Domenech (1904-1989) was one of the 20th century’s greatest artists and imaginations. For more on his work and life, see the website of the Dali Museum.
The stunning Dali Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida, is recognized as one of the most significant collections of the 20th century, holding 96 oil paintings, more than 100 watercolors and drawings, 1,300 graphics, sculptures, objects d’art, photographs and much insight into Salvador Dali’s genius. The Spanish-themed Cafe Gala, delightful gift shop and gardens round out the museum experience.
I found St. Petersburg, Florida, the perfect combination of beach and culture vacation. For more on the arts in this gem on Florida’s Gulf Coast, see Visit St. Petersburg Clearwater.
The ArtSmart Roundtable is a group of informed and passionate bloggers on a mission to help you understand the art you encounter in your travels. ArtSmart Roundtable members publish on the first Monday of each month on a particular topic. Catch us on Facebook and be sure to check out this month’s posts:
Erin – The Tres Riches Heures Miniatures http://www.a-sense-of-place.com/?p=3693
Jeff – Vermeer’s The Art of Painting http://www.eurotravelogue.com/2013/06/The-Art-Of-Painting-by-Vermeer.html
Christina – Millais’s Pre-Raphaelite Ophelia Up Close http://daydreamtourist.com/2013/06/03/ophelia/
Murissa – Leonor Fini: Painting Female Super-Heroines Before Their Time – Leonor Fini, La Chambre Noire 1939 http://www.thewanderfulltraveler.com/?p=4491
Kelly – Andrew Wyeth’s Wind from the Sea http://www.travellious.com/artsmart_roundtable_andrew_wyeths_wind_from_the_sea
Jenna – Tips to Understanding Renaissance Paintings http://thisismyhappiness.com/2013/06/11/renaissance-paintings/